Man-animal Conflict

Wildlife depredation

The major cause of depredation in the State is attributed to higher population of elephants and inadequate and fragmented habitats.  Their food and water requirement being very high, elephants have to traverse extensively through fragmented forests often through human habitations and cultivations to fulfill their needs.  This invariably results in man animal conflict. The Department carries out protection measures and promotes eco-friendly activities to reduce such conflict and ameliorate the suffering of people living in and around elephant habitat through various measures.
Anti-depredation measures include elephant scaring operation, setting up of voluntary (protection) squads, construction of physical barriers such as sausage barriers and provides ex-gratia relief to wildlife depredation victims. In addition to these measures, people are being encouraged to adopt such agricultural practices that will not attract wildlife constantly.

Details on Depredation cases:-

Year Crop Damages No. of human death No. of human injury Livestock killed
No. of cases Area involved (in Ha)
2013 2019 853.53 5 3 17
2014 1921 596.08 8 4 1
2015 2559 1495.624 5 6 -
2016 1554 512.48 6 5 -
2017 1328 450.506 6 3 -

Ex-gratia paid under CSS and State Funds:

Year From CSS Funds from State Govt.
Human Death Human Injury Cattle Death Crops Damage Others
2013 4,00,000 Nil 29,400 59,70,838 2,72,062 2,00,000
2014 13,00,000 1,05,000 1,600 56,03,467 1,36,513 6,00,000
2015 2,00,000 1,35,000 5,200 2,04,06,808 1,39,800 12,83,600
2016 14,00,000 4,20,000 Nil 22,79,350 84,650 -
2017 12,60,000 2,40,000 Nil 31,38,000 Nil 6,56,000