National Parks and Sanctuaries


Sl. No National Parks Gazette Notification and Date Area(Sqkm)
1 Balpakram (Phase I) No.FOR.103/34/354,Dt.15-2-1986 220.00
2 Balpakram (Phase II) Area acquired but yet to be notified 132.00
3 Nokrek No.FOR.23/86/204,Dt.29-11-1986 47.48
  Total   399.48
  SANCTUARIES Gazette Notification and Date Area(Sqkm)
4 Nongkhyllem No.FOR.25/81/5,Dt.25-3-1981 29.00
5 Nongkhyllem Area acquired but yet to be notified 6.64
6 Siju No.MFG.66/4,Dt.30-3-1981  5.18
7 Baghmara No.For.79/84/5,Dt.24-5-1984 0.02
8 Narpuh Wildlife Sanctuary No.FOR.128/2012/20,Dt.10-06-2014 59.90
  Total   100.74

Certain wildlife bearing areas of significance, comprising of the buffers of PAs, viable wildlife habitats and important corridors which are not under direct government control, have been identified for management as biosphere reserves and elephant reserves as shown below. In these areas public co-operation and participation in conservation programmes are imperative for achievement of management objectives.

Sl. No. Name and location of Area Area. (Sq. Kms)
1 Nokrek Biosphere Reserve around Nokrek NP. 772.52
2 Elephant Reserve. Garo Hills Districts 2900.00
  TOTAL 3672.52

Nokrek National Park

Area :47.48 Kms
Location: Spread in  East Garo Hills and West Garo Hills, about 15 km distance from Williamnagar and about 45 km distance  from Tura
Year of Notification: 1986
Conservation value:

UNESCO added Nokrek National park to its list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve covers an area of 820 Kms.  The Reserve is one of the least disturbed forest tract of Sub-Himalayan range. The park is home to a variety of animals, birds and pheasants, beside some rare and endemic flora. Important animals found here are Indian Elephant, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langur stump tailed macaque, Clouded Leopard Leopard, Gaur, Sambar, Barking Deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Sloth Bear. Many species of birds can also be spotted here and the national park is considered to be an important bird area and an ideal spot for bird watchers. Citrus indica which is mother of all citrus fruit in the world is endemic to this place and the locals call it by name memang narang ('orange of the spirits'). Nokrek is also believed to be the home of Mande Burung (jungle man or ape man) and reported cases of sightings found in and around the villages of Nokrek.

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Balpakram National Park – Resting place of Spirits of dead

Area : 220
Year of notification: 1986
Location:  Located in South Garo Hills, 293 km from Guwahati, about 166 km from Tura and 62 km from Baghmara
Best time to visit: November to March
The literal meaning of Balpakram is the “land of perpetual winds”.  Balpakram is famous for its forest covered canyon-cum-gorge and numerous geo-physical formations, all of which make the place a land of mystery. It is often compared to the Grand Canyon National park of United States to the local Garo inhabitants, Balpakram is the abode of the spirits of the dead. It is believed that here, the spirits of the dead dwell temporarily before embarking on the final journey. The park consist of a succession of hills and valley with constant abrupt variation in altitude, aspect and gradient. The deepest gorge is the Mahadeo gorge, locally known as Kundulop with drop of over 600 meters. The most prominent physical feature of the park is the bullock hump shaped Chitmang peak or Kailash, rising to a height of about 1023 meters.

Mystery of Balpakram

Balpakram has many mysterious and unnatural phenomena that cannot be satisfactory explained by modern science and logic. Some of the mysterious sites are Boldak matchu karam, Chitmang peak, Matchru, Areng patal, Goncho Dare, Dikkini ring, Rongsaljong Agal, Rongsobok Rongkol. Indeed Balpakram is so steeped in myths that even the Hindus believe that is a sacred place. They believe that when Laxman was seriously injured in the war and very rare life saving herb was required, Lord Hanuman found it here but not knowing which to take, broke the top of the hills and carried away. The missing portion of that hill became a deep awning canyon.    

Conservation value:

Stretching between an altitudinal zonation of 100 meters to well over 1027 meters, Balpakram National Park harbours a rich and diverse gene pool. It is home to many rare and endemic animals. The National Park is home to elephants, tigers, sambar, barking deer, Gaur Clouded leopard, Red panda, Black bear.